Maine School Administrative District No. 31
BULLYING – ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE
This procedure is intended as guidance for school administrators in carrying out their responsibilities when bullying is alleged to have occurred. It provides important definitions as well as steps for reporting, investigating and responding to allegations of bullying.
Bullying behavior alleged to be based on race, color, ancestry, national origin, sex, sexual orientation, religion or disability should be addressed under the procedures set forth in the Student Harassment and Sexual Harassment procedure, ACAA-R, rather than under this procedure.
The following terms are defined in Maine law (20-A MRSA § 6554):
“Bullying” includes, but is not limited to a written, oral or electronic expression or a physical act or gesture or any combination
thereof directed at a student or students that:
A. Has, or a reasonable person would expect it to have, the effect of:
1. Physically harming a student or damaging a student’s property; or
2. Placing a student in reasonable fear of physical harm or damage to his/her property;
B. Interferes with the rights of a student by:
1. Creating an intimidating or hostile educational environment for the student; or
2. Interfering with the student’s academic performance or ability to participate in or benefit from the services, activities
or privileges provided by the school; or
C. Is based on:
a. A student’s actual or perceived characteristics identified in 5 MRSA § 4602 or 4684-A (including race; color; ancestry;
national origin; sex; sexual orientation; gender identity or expression; religion; physical or mental disability) or other
distinguishing personal characteristics (such as socioeconomic status; age; physical appearance; weight; or family
b. A student’s association with a person with one or more of these actual or perceived characteristics or any other
distinguishing characteristics and that has the effect described in subparagraph A. or B. above.
“Cyberbullying” means bullying through the use of technology or any electronic communication, including but not limited to, a
transfer of signs, signals, writing, images, sounds, data or intelligence of any nature transmitted by the use of any electronic
device including, but not limited to, a computer, telephone, cellular telephone, text messaging device or personal digital assistant.
For the purpose of this policy, bullying does not mean mere teasing, put-downs, “talking trash,” trading of insults, or similar
interactions among friends, nor does it include expression of ideas or beliefs so long as such expression is not lewd, profane or
does not interfere with students’ opportunity to learn, the instructional program or the operations of the schools. This does not
preclude teachers or school administrators from setting and enforcing rules for civility, courtesy and/or responsible behavior in
the classroom and the school environment.
The determination whether particular conduct constitutes bullying requires reasonable consideration of the circumstances, which
include the frequency of the behavior at issue, the location in which the behavior occurs, the ages and maturity of the students
involved, the activity or context in which the conduct occurs, and the nature and severity of the conduct.
“Retaliation means” an act or gesture against a student for asserting or alleging an act of bullying. “Retaliation” also includes
reporting that is not made in good faith on an act of bullying (i.e., the making of false allegations or reports of bullying).
“School grounds” means a school building; property on which a school building or facility is located; and property that is owned,
leased or used by a school for a school-sponsored activity, function, program, instruction or training. “School grounds” also
includes school-related transportation vehicles.
“Alternative discipline” means disciplinary action other than suspension or expulsion from school that is designed to correct and
address the root causes of a student’s specific misbehavior while retaining the student in class or school, or restorative school
practices to repair the harm done to relationships and persons from the student’s misbehavior.
Students and Parents/Guardians
Students who believe they have been bullied, or who have witnessed or learned about an act of bullying should report this behavior
to the building principal.
Parents/guardians may report bullying on behalf of their children or when they have witnessed or are aware of the occurrence of
Reports of bullying may be made anonymously, but no disciplinary action shall be taken against a student solely on the basis of
an anonymous report.
Any student who has been determined to have made a false report of bullying will be subject to disciplinary consequences.
For the purposes of this procedure, “school employees” includes coaches, advisors for cocurricular or extracurricular activities
All school employees are expected to intervene when they see acts of bullying in progress and are required to report incidents of
bullying they have witnessed or become aware of to the building principal as soon as practicable.
School employees who fail to report bullying or who have made a false report of bullying will be subject to disciplinary consequences
up to and including termination, in accordance with any applicable collective bargaining agreement.
Contractors, service providers, visitors or community members who have witnessed or become aware of bullying are encouraged
to report such incidents to the building principal.
Form of Reports
Complaints or reports of bullying may be made orally or in writing, but all reports will be recorded in writing by school personnel
authorized to receive complaints or reports, using the school unit’s reporting form (JICK-E1).
School employees are required to make reports of bullying to the principal in writing. Although students, parents and others, as
identified above, may make bullying reports anonymously, all persons reporting incidents of bullying are encouraged to identify
Bullying reports may be made anonymously, but in no instance will action be taken against any person or organization affiliated
with the schools solely on the basis of an anonymous report.
The building principal will forward a copy of the report to the Superintendent by the end of the next school day.
The building principal may take such interim measures as he/she deems appropriate to ensure the safety of the targeted student
and prevent further bullying and will inform the parents of the targeted student of measures taken.
The principal will ensure that all reports of bullying and retaliation are investigated promptly and that documentation of the
investigation, including the substance of the complaint or report and the outcome of the investigation is prepared and forwarded
to the Superintendent within a reasonable period of time.
Response to Bullying by Students
If bullying has been substantiated, the building principal or designee as appropriate under the circumstances will determine the
appropriate disciplinary consequences, which may include detention, suspension or expulsion; alternative discipline; remediation;
and/or other intervention.
Alternative discipline includes but is not limited to:
A. Meeting with the student and the student’s parents;
B. Reflective activities, such as requiring the student to write an essay about the student’s misbehavior;
C. Mediation when there is mutual conflict between peers, rather than one-way negative behavior, and when both parties
freely choose to meet;
E. Anger management;
F. Health counseling or intervention;
G. Mental health counseling;
H. Participation in skills building and resolution activities, such as social-emotional cognitive skills building, resolution circles
and restorative conferencing;
I. Community service; and
J. In-school detention or suspension, which may take place during lunchtime, after school or on weekends.
If the bullying behavior appears to be a criminal violation, the building principal will notify local law enforcement authorities.
If bullying has been substantiated, the building principal will provide written notification to:
A. The parents/guardians of the targeted student, including the measures being taken to ensure the student’s safety; and to
B. The parents/guardians of the student found to have engaged in bullying, including the process for appeal.
All communications to parents must respect the confidentiality of student and employee information as provided by federal and
Maine law and regulations.
Any appeal of the building principal’s decisions in regard to consequences for bullying must be submitted, in writing, within 14
calendar days of the parental notification. The Superintendent will review the investigation report and actions taken and decide
whether to sustain or deny the appeal. The Superintendent’s decision shall be final.
Cross Reference: ACAA-R – Student Harassment and Sexual Harassment Procedure
JICK – Bullying
JRA-R – Student Education Records and Student Information
First Reading: 01/03/2013
Second Reading: 01/16/2013